The Arya Samaj also focuses greatly on the welfare of all humanity through altruism and charity (the Samaj opened the first non-Christian orphanages in India) and by teaching that all should be treated with love, justice and on their merits. Dayanand, therefore, was `heretical’ in his total rejection of the caste system or any form of discrimination based on social class. No single organization could claim to have as many schools for boys and girls as the Samaj. The aim of this educational institution is briefly referred to as “It will be conceded by all right-thinking minds that to secure the best advantages of education, it is necessary to make it national in tone and character. The rush of foreign ideas has no doubt, the effect of enlightening and improving thousand minds.The eighth of the Ten principles of the Arya Samaj points out to the Arya that he should endeavor to diffuse knowledge and dispel ignorance. In Punjab and the United Provinces the Samaj have done excellent work ahead of the missionary effort. But foreign education has produced a schism in society that is truly deplorable. The reaction towards national education is asserting itself everywhere and the demand for the study of national literature is growing.
Truth and morality are the other fundamental bedrocks of Vedic teachingInfluenced by these considerations we propose to establish an educational institution, which will supply the shortcomings of the existing systems and combine their advantages. The aim would be spread knowledge of moral and spiritual truths by insisting on the study of classical Sanskrit, to assist in the formation of sound and energetic habits by a regulated mode of living, to encourage sound acquaintance of with English iterature”.The movement foe giving practical shape to the movement for the study of the Vedas and classical Sanskrit literature could no longer be postponed.
It inspired his followers to set up the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Colleges, schools, Gurukuls. The Arya Samaj also focuses greatly on the welfare of all humanity through altruism and charity (the Samaj opened the first non-Christian orphanages in India) and by teaching that all should be treated with love, justice and on their merits.The Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College–
1. To establish in Punjab an Anglo-Vedic college to encourage, improve and enforce the study of Hindu literature.
2. To encourage and enforce the study of classical Sanskrit and of the Vedas.
3. To encourage and enforce the study of English literature, sciences, both theoretical and applied.
4. To provide means for giving Technical education in so far as it was not inconsistent with the objects referred to above.
With this emphasis on education Dayanand argued passionately that the Vedas do not prohibit education of females (the Arya Samaj was the first to open girls’ schools in India) and of the ‘lower’ castes, but insist on it.Its aim is the reviving of the ancient system of Brahmacharya, of rejuvenating and resuscitating ancient Indian philosophy and literature, of building up Hindi literature, of producing preachers of the Vedic religion etc.The Arya Samaj has founded a large number of boy’s schools, Primary and Secondary, Gurukulas and Patchalas. For the girls the Samaj maintains a large number of schools and colleges. The principles of the Samaj were redefined at Lahore in 1877, D died in 1883 when he was under sixty. His commentary on the Rig and Yajur Vedas are monumental so was his Introduction to the Commentary on the Vedas.The aim of this educational institution is briefly referred to as “It will be conceded by all right-thinking minds that to secure the best advantages of education, it is necessary to make it national in tone and character.
Self-conquest is the first law of his nature. He overcomes the mind and its habits and does not live in a shell of ignorance based on inherited prejudices, fashionable customs and hedonism. Instead he knows how to be pure, to be large and flexible in intelligence as well as being firm and strong in his will. This led to his emphasis on the place of knowledge in human affairs. Propagation of knowledge he exalted into a cardinal principle. To him the Vedas embodied all knowledge that there was to grasp. He invited all men to seek truth on their own and not to take ready-made beliefs from the priestly class. He set up pathsalas and schools during his life- time.After the Western assault on India, he gave educated Hindus some cause to be proud of their past. By expounding the Vedic religion in Hindi he reduced the needs for Pandits who maintained their importance by knowing Sanskrit.